Knee Reconstruction Services at Brisbane Hip & Knee Clinic
Knee reconstruction can be required for many conditions and the surgeries are done for patients usually under 60 years of age. These surgeries are commonly done for physically active people or people who play sports as they are more prone to knee injuries. They can also be done to treat conditions like early knee arthritis.
At Brisbane Hip and Knee, we specialize in the following Knee reconstruction surgeries:
If you have a painful condition that does not respond to nonsurgical treatment then the doctor may recommend a knee arthroscopy procedure for the knee. This treatment includes physical therapy, medications, rest, and injections. Arthroscopy can relieve pain symptoms of many problems that damage the soft tissues of joint surroundings.
Knee arthroscopy is a surgical technique to diagnose and treat certain problems in the knee joint. In this procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision to insert a tiny camera or arthroscope into the knee. This camera is used to view the inside of the joint on a monitor. Rather than a larger incision, your surgeon uses very small incisions because the surgical instruments are thin. This helps the surgeon to detect the problem with the knee and correct any issues. It can be useful to treat a wide range of knee problems and takes less time to recover. So the patients can get back to their normal lives and can perform regular activities easily.
- âž¢ torn meniscus
- âž¢ torn anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments
- âž¢ Bakerâ€™s cyst removal
- âž¢ knee bone fractures
- âž¢ out of position patella
- âž¢ loose torn cartilage pieces in the joint
- âž¢ swollen synovium
ACL Reconstruction (using â€œsingle tendonâ€)
ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament is one of the major ligaments in the knee that connect the femur to the tibia. This ligament is located diagonally in front of the knee and supports stability when you rotate your legs. An ACL injury is a common injury in athletes and people who play high-risk sports like football, basketball, soccer, and skiing. In this injury, the ACL ligament gets torn which makes daily leg movements difficult and painful. During the surgery, the surgeon removes the torn ligament and replaces it with a new ligament using another tissue from the body. This can also be done with the help of a tissue donor. After the surgery, it takes a few months to completely recover and get back to playing. For a speedy recovery, patients are advised to use the RICE- Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation remedy post-surgery.
Post Operative Things:
In the first ten to fourteen days after surgery, the wound should be kept dry and clean. Early emphasis is placed on regaining the ability. The Knee is iced regularly to reduce pain and swelling. To move the knee through its range of motion. The surgeon may dictate the use of a post-operative brace.
Osteotomy means â€œCutting off the boneâ€. In this procedure either the tibia or femur is cut and then reshaped. This helps to relieve pressure on the knee joint and improves function in an arthritic knee significantly. Knee osteotomy is a surgical procedure recommended for early knee arthritis or if there is arthritis damage in a specific area of the knee. It is commonly performed on people younger than 60 years of age. This surgery can be performed in combination with other types of knee surgeries like cartilage surgery if your leg is bowed or knock-kneed. For the surgery, a wedge of bone is removed from or added to the tibia or femur. This helps to shift the bodyweight off the damaged side of the knee joint to relieve pain and improve the functionality of the knee.
Advantages of Knee Osteotomies:
It has three goals such as,
1. Helps to transfer weight from the arthritic part to a healthier area.
2. Helps to correct poor alignment of the knee.
3. Helps to prolong the lifespan of the joint.
4. It may delay the need for a joint replacement for several years
5. No restriction on physical activity after surgery
Knee Cartilage Restoration Procedures
Articular Cartilage is white tissue that covers the ends of bones and very smooth tissue. Healthy cartilage in joints makes the movement easier. Allows bones to glide over each other with little friction. It is a firm cartilage covering the ends of bones in the knee. It helps in providing cushioning and protects the bone joint. And any significant injuries to this cartilage can cause pain and difficulty in movement. It can be damaged by normal wear and tear or by any injury. It does not heal itself well so the doctors developed surgical procedures for the restoration of knee cartilage.
Cartilage Restoration is a procedure to treat this cartilage. In this procedure, the patientâ€™s knee is resurfaced, realigned, and stabilized. It can help in the growth of new cartilage and also prevent the onset of arthritis.
It is most effective for patients who are active and under 50 years of age and is mainly done to avoid joint replacement surgery.
Surgeries for Recurrent Patella (Knee Cap) Dislocations
Patella is nothing but a Knee cap. Certain muscles and ligaments hold the kneecap together. When any of these get injured, the kneecap may move out causing pain and difficulty in movement.
Patella dislocation is more common in young and active people as it can be caused by any extreme activity or contact sport. After the first injury, the chances of another dislocation are high.
When your knee bends and straightens, the Knee cap moves straight up & down within the groove. But sometimes, this will slide too far or to some other side. If you hard blow or fall, dislocation may happen. It can be complete patella dislocation or partial patella dislocation. This dislocation causes pain and loss of functionality. Surgical treatment is recommended in such cases. This can be suggested by our Orthopedist.
Some common types of surgery for recurrent patellar dislocation are:
- â— Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction
- â— Tibial tuberosity transfer
Open or compound fracture
In this case, the bone is broken and displaced. The bone ends donâ€™t line up for proper healing and one end pokes through the skin.
Symptoms of fracture
- â— The child may be able to hold the arm or get still but any movement causes sharp pain.
- â— The affected area gets swollen and painful. Sometimes, there is a prominent, visible lump.
Get in touch with us to book your appointment or get more information on Knee construction surgeries.
For Appointments & Inquiries, Contact – (07) 3847 8820.